Hair loss can be encountered by anyone irrespective of age or gender. It is not only the adults who visit dermatologists for hair loss, but surveys also confirm that out of all visits to pediatrician 3 percent of them are concerned about hair loss. Parents generally ignore the hair loss in children and consider it to be usual or due to dust and dirt as children spend the whole day playing outdoors and are usually exposed to sun, heat, and dirt. No doubt it is usual for children to lose hair but when this hair loss becomes unusual it becomes important to diagnose the cause and get the right treatment.
Cause of Hair Loss
Tinea capitis is a type of infection and is generally a common cause of hair loss in children. It is a type of ringworm that attacks the hair to form a scaly ring-like lesion. It is a contagious fungal infection and children usually bring this infection home through contact with infected children in school or playground. It causes the hair on scalp, eyebrow, and eyelashes to fall. The area affected by this infection becomes scaly or flaky and the hair appears to be broken from the surface. Using the ultraviolet light on the scalp may help in diagnosing the infection. Once the treatment of this infection is initiated it will not spread anymore. Use of antifungal medications is recommended.
Another cause of hair loss in children is telogen effluvium. In this condition, the life cycle of hair is badly interrupted. In normal condition usually, 10 to 15 percent of the hair is under the telogen phase but due to this disorder many or sometimes all the hair are thrown into this phase. Within a span of few weeks or months, depending upon the severity of the condition partial or all hairs are lost. This condition prevails due to a large number of causes and addressing them might end the hair loss.
It is generally caused by vitamin A overdose, extreme fever, the stress of general anesthesia, acute or severe injury, a side-effect of medications like Accutane or high emotional stress. Telogen effluvium cannot be diagnosed using medical test, it can be diagnosed by close and careful examination or any medical history. This condition usually ends on its own and the hair begins to regrow and is recovered in a span of a few months or a year. Necessary precautions are recommended to slow down the effect of this disorder.
This disorder not only affect adult, but kids are also affected by this too. In this disorder, the hair on the scalp of children is lost in the form of smooth circular or oval patches. This disorder leads to loss of hair within a span of few days with bald patterns not inflamed. In alopecia areata, the immune system of children as an inflammatory action mistakenly attacks the cells of hair follicles and causes them to fall. It is very rare in children, one out of every thousand suffer from this disorder. There is no diagnostic test for this disorder; it can be diagnosed by examination of the scalp. Moreover, no treatment can end this disorder through medication may help in hair regrowth.
Hair Shaft Trauma
Physical stress to the hair on the scalp of children is known as hair shaft trauma. It is a common cause of hair loss in children. Consistent pulling of hair may cause hair shaft trauma. In order to style hair by tight ponytails and braids usually, lead to consistent pulling. Excessive rubbing and chemical exposure may also lead to hair shaft trauma. Children suffering from psychological disorders like trichotillomania may also cause hair to fall. If the doctor suspects the reason for hair loss to be hair shaft trauma, then he will examine closely to track down the root cause. Tackling the root cause may end hair loss within a span of time and the hair will regrow once again.
Tummy of the children gets filled by a small quantity of food and it is very important to make sure that the food they eat is nutrition rich. Problem with children is they have a high carving for food. They want to eat food that excites their taste buds and it is very difficult to let them eat fruits and green vegetables. They consume sugary soft drinks in large quantity that fills their tummy and they refuse to eat nutritious food. This causes a deficiency of minerals, vitamins and protein in them which triggers the hair fall. Fill their diet with fruits, vegetable, nuts, essential oils, and protein-rich dairy products to fill the deficient nutrients.
On realizing the fact that your child is facing one of the disorders or deficiency, and due to this hair are falling, then chase down the disorder by proper treatment. Handle the hair of children with great care avoid pulling them and use mild and natural hair products instead of synthetic, chemical-rich products. Give them nutrition rich food including fish, meat, nuts, beans, dairy products, fruits, and vegetables. If needed, consult a doctor for mild supplements in order to replenish the deficient nutrients. Use essential oils to massage their scalp in order to nourish the scalp. Diagnose the child for any chronic disorder so that proper medication can be given.
Hair fall in children should not be neglected. It must be treated in order to prevent baldness at an early age. Hair loss or thinning of hair can lead to psychological disorder or stress due to embarrassment and may turn them into an introvert. Address their medical and nutritional needs to prevent hair loss and help them regrow the hair. Consult a doctor for diagnosing the disorder and treat them with natural therapies and medicinal aid. Love and affection will boost recovery and help them live freely.