Just like leaves on a tree, hair on the scalp and other parts of the body also have a growth cycle with summer, autumn and winter that means they grow, then they fall and then they regrow. But this natural cycle sometimes gets disturbed and the hair fall becomes significant. Hair fall may be due to lack of nutrition, genetic problem, acute illness, stress, hormonal changes and many other. Hair fall due to hormone imbalance is less prominent as compared to other factors. But hormonal disorder like hyperthyroid and hypothyroid is causing hair fall to a large section of people, therefore it’s diagnosed and treatment becomes important for the hair loss to be prevented.
Before coming to the conclusion that hair fall is due to thyroid disorder or due to side effect on medicines used to cure it know about the hair fall pattern that patients suffering from thyroid experience generally. Hair fall due to hyperthyroid and hypothyroid is not discrete and causes the hair from particular sections to fall rather the hair is lost in a diffused manner from all over the scalp. Also, hair loss is caused by prolonged and severe thyroid disorder and is not the only symptom of the disease. Hair loss by thyroid can be reversed by proper medication.
Apart from diffused hair loss patients suffering from hyperthyroid or hypothyroid generally develop autoimmune thyroid disease. Patients suffering from a kind of autoimmune disorder are more likely to develop another autoimmune condition. People suffering from thyroid disorder develop alopecia areata. Now the hair loss pattern is the form of small smooth circular patches at discrete areas on the scalp. This disorder is transient and does not progress but can cause severe hair loss. Another disorder common in female patients suffering from thyroid is polycystic ovarian syndrome which along with irregular periods, obesity and acne also trigger diffused hair fall.
Most of the time the hair loss due to thyroid disorder is temporary but in some cases, it does not only lead to loss of hair but it also affects their regrowth. Sometimes the regrowth stops and sometimes the regrown hair is totally different. Thyroid may cause your hair to become rough and dry or it may cause them to become soft and fine along with a change in their color. Generally, hypothyroidism leads to dry and coarse hair whereas hyperthyroidism leads to make them fine and smooth.
Hair Loss By Anti Thyroid Drugs
Thyroid disorder itself causes a lot of changes in the body including hair loss, change in the texture of regrown hair and change in their color and sometimes the use of anti-thyroid drugs trigger the hair loss. It is very difficult to decide whether the hair loss is due to overactivity of thyroid or is due to its treatment but on performing test and research it has been observed that anti-thyroid drugs like carbimazole and propylthiouracil also cause hair loss. On the other hand, radioiodine is observed to cause no hair fall. It is to be kept in mind not to discontinue any medicine or treatment to control the hair fall as it makes turn the situation even worse.
Even if you have been diagnosed with thyroid earlier, there are certain tests and examination to be done by the doctor to confirm the cause of hair loss may suggest suitable medicine or treatment cure this. Sometimes the hair fall pattern is examined with regular checks on the thyroid hormone which let the doctor know whether the dose of the medicine needs to be controlled if the hormone levels are becoming normal so that the hair fall rate is also controlled. In order to overrule the possibility of any other disorder medical tests for diseases like lupus are also conducted. Test for nutrition deficiency is also conducted to start any supplements if needed.
By Using Medicines
One of the ways to control the hair loss and promote its regeneration is to target the root cause and try to find out the right medication so that thyroid levels can be brought to normal. Consult a good doctor to help you bring your condition to normal under controlled medication and close examination. Medicines usually recommended include medicines for both hypo and hyper conditions. For hypothyroidism levothyroxine may be used whereas for hyper thyroxine drugs like beta blockers, propylthiouracil and methimazole are recommended. Along with medication get your thyroid level checked at regular intervals. Hair may be noticeable after a span of few months after medication.
By Natural Treatment
While medicines may help target the root cause meanwhile, home remedies and natural treatments can be opted to control hair loss and promote regrowth of hair. Get yourself checked for iron deficiency and take supplements or natural ingredients to bring back it to normal. Lack of vitamins and nutrients like zinc, copper, vitamin A, C and E, vitamin B-7 may also cause hair loss. Use multivitamins and eat fruits and vegetables to replenish them. Use of anti-inflammatory items like ginger root may help to control the hair loss due to immune disorders. Keep a check on your iodine intake as it may create an imbalance of thyroid hormone in the body. Use essential oils on hair in order to nourish them.
The Bottom Line
The thyroid is a hormone disorder. It may cause hair loss along with other effects on our body. It is very important to have a balance of this hormone as its excess and deficiency both are harmful. While you are taking medicines to cure your thyroid disorder you can prevent the loss of hair or at least control it by using certain natural treatment or home remedies. You need to improve your lifestyle in order to ensure that medicines and treatment are effective. Handle your hair gently and take their proper care by using essential oil and other nourishing products. Thyroid can be corrected and the hair loss can be recovered with treatment and patience.